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Fish Farming

Fish farming though a novelty in Nigeria, has started gaining popularity and recognition considering the protein value of fish. Fish farming is defined as the controlled cultivation and harvesting of fish. In other words, fish farming is the business of fish culture and production. Fish like eggs and meat is very rich in protein, minerals,…

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Fish Farming

Fish farming though a novelty in Nigeria, has started gaining popularity and recognition considering the protein value of fish. Fish farming is defined as the controlled cultivation and harvesting of fish. In other words, fish farming is the business of fish culture and production. Fish like eggs and meat is very rich in protein, minerals,…

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Livestock Feeding Stuffs

They are ingredients or food sources that make up livestock feed. The feeding stuff is valued in terms of its digestibility (digestible nutrients) and its true food value (starch equivalent and crude protein content). Ingredients or feeding stuffs selected for feeding livestock vary depending on: (a) the breed/yield of animal (broiler, layer, ruminant, non-ruminant).(b) the…

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Range Management

The quest for improved growth and high yield of animals had made it possible for increased agricultural practices aimed at achieving these results;in animal production in Rivers State and other parts of Nigeria. Meaning of RangelandIn traditional system of animal production, nomadic herdsmen normally trek a very long distance with their animals in search of…

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Animal Improvement

Animal improvement is defined as a process where new varieties of animals with improved qualities than their parents are produced through the application of scientific breeding techniques. Aims of Animal Improvement(i) To produce animals with high productive potentials.(ii) To produce animals that can adapt to environmental changes.(iii) To produce animals which are resistant to pathogenic…

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Livestock Management

Any venture one embarks on in life requires prudent management. Whether you are running a provision store, computer services, mechanic workshop or a consultancy firm, no reasonable profit would be realised without effective management. A successful livestock farmer must be a. good and experienced husbandman or stockman. He understands his stock and handles them without…

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Endocrine System

Hormones are chemical substances secreted in the tissue called ductless glands and are transferred to another point called target organ where they exert their effects. The male reproductive hormones Testosterone or androgen (i) It brings about the development of male secondary sexual characters and sex drive.(ii) Essential for the secretion of spermatozoa.(iii) Maintenance of optimum…

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Digestive System

Digestive system is the collection of organs that work in co-operation to break down food into small and absorbable substance.It consist of organs such as the mouth, oesophagus, the stomach, intestines, liver, etc., called the alimentary canal. Farm animals show variation in the general structure and functions of their stomach. While cattle, sheep and goats…

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Reproductive System

Male reproductive system The male reproductive system is basically divided into three. The primary sex organs, secondary sex organs, and the accessory organs. The primary sex organs consist of the testes, the secondary sex organs consist of the scrotal sac, the urethra, and the penis. The accessory organs are the prostrate glands, seminal vesicles and…

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Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals

To effectively manage farm animals as a business, it is essential to understand their body structure (Anatomy) and how these structures carry out their functions (physiology). The organisation of the animal body starts with the smallest unit called the cell. There are different types of cells in the body and they perform different types of…

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Surveying and Planning of Farmstead and Different Farm Structures

In the past, there was a dearth of scientific methods employed into farming activities due to poor farm layout design for specific purposes in a large hectare of land. The resultant effects of this absence of farm surveying and planning adversely led to low agricultural production. However, in modern times, the practice of survey and…

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Crop Improvement

Man initially existed on the natural produce of land, sea and rivers where fruits, wildlife, shellfish, etc., were fetched. He was not satisfied with his way of life then, because people were increasing, and his daily search for food was not promising. Green light for the civilised life came when man discovered that fruits and…

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