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## How to measure a knitting sample

Lay the sample on a flat surface, hold a ruler across it, and place pins at precise intervals of 2.5 cm. Count the number of stitches between the pins, and then measure across 10cm. Again between pins, check that the number of stitches is exactly four times the first number. If not, re-check. If there…

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## The importance of tension

The tension given in a pattern tells you the exact number of stitches and number of a given measurement that the designer obtained when making the original garment. So, before you make any garment, knit a sample of about 10cm, sequence, using the recommended yarn, needles and stitch. If the finished garment is to be…

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## The use of asterisks

Asterisks (*) are used to mark the beginning of a repeat, either a part of the patterns or a part of a row. The following is an example of a pattern repeat. Instructions for back and front of a sweater may have an * at the start of the armhole shaping on the back. Then,…

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## Brackets

Sometimes an asterisk alone is not enough, as there may be stitches to repeat inside the actual repeat itself. In this case, brackets are used to shorten the row instructions thus: K. I, * P. 2, K. (J. I, K. I) 6 times, repeat for the action in the brackets (purl I. Knit I) is…

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## Knitting materials

1. Knitting needles are used in pairs to produce a flat knitted fabric. They are pointed at an end to retain the stitched formed. The pins may be made in plastic, wood, steel or alloy and rays in sizes from 2 mm to 17 mm in daintier. 2. Circular and double pointed needles- They are…

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## Knitting abbreviations

K                     = knit.p                     = purl.Sts                  = stitch(es).Psso              = pass slipped stitches over.Rep               = Repeat.Tog                = Together.Sl                   = Slip.St.St              = Stocking stitch.Tbl                 = through back of loop.Yb                  = Yarn back.Yfrom           = Yarn forward and over needle.Beg               = Beginning.Patt              = Pattern.KB                 = Knit into back of stitch.Yrn                = Yarn round needle.Ml                 = Make l stitch by picking…

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## Holding knitting needles

Holding the needle 1The right hand needle is held in the same position as holding a pencil. For casting on of stitches and working the few rows, the knitted piece passes over the hand between the thumb and the index finger. Holding the needle 2The left hand needle is often held lightly over the top,…

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## Holding the yarn

Hold the yarn in your right hand, press it under the little finger, then around same finger, over index finger, under centre finger and over index finger. The index finger is used to press the yarn around needle tip. The yarn circles around the finger and creates the necessary tension for knitting evenly. READ MORE

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## Casting on

All knitting begins with the term casting on, which means making the first rows of loop on the needle. There are only two basic methods of casting on, each producing different types of edges. These methods include: Thumb methodThe thumb method is used whenever a very elastic edge is required or when the rows immediately…

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## Knit stitch

Cast on 20 stitches (sts)Hold the needle with the stitches (sts) on it in your left and right hands. Hold the empty needle in your right hand, looping the yarn round your fingers as described under casting on. Insert the point of the right hand needle through the first on the left hand needle from…

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## Purl stitch

Cast on 20 stitches (sts)Hold the needle with the stitches in your left hand. Hold the empty needle in your right hand, looping the yarn round your fingers for correct tension. Insert the point of the right hand needle through the first stitch from the back to the front. The yarn is at the front…

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## Joining-in-yarn

Always do this at the beginning of a row; never try to make a knot in the middle of work. If you are not sure whether you have enough yarn to finish the row, spread it out and measure it. If it is four times longer than the row, you have enough, leave at the…

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## Stocking stitch

Stocking stitch has a smooth surface and it is made by knitting and purling on alternate rows. In a knitting pattern, stocking stitch is abbreviated to St. If it were written out in instructions it would look like this:- 1st row K.all Sts. (knit all stitches)- 2nd row P.all Sts. (purl all stitches)Repeat 1st and…

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## Understanding patterns

Instructions are very important and should always be read before starting to make even the most simple article. Basically, nearly all patterns include the actual production details; the finished measurements; making up information, a key to the abbreviations; and most important of all, the tension required for success. Some instructions may include abbreviations that have…

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## Knitting

This is the art and science of constructing fabrics by interloping of yarn (thread) loops by the use of knitting needles. There are only two basic stitches in knitting, a knit and a purl. All other variations are developed from these two main stitches. READ MORE

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## Making a garment

When patterns’ markings have been transferred, the paper patterns are removed from each piece as the garment is ready to be assembled. The following steps should be followed. i. Fix all together before tacking.ii. Tack together each part of the garment, for example, the bodice. Then fix garment side seams and hem.iii. Fix the main…

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## Cutting out laid pattern pieces

i. Check that all the required pieces have been pinned into position and there is enough space for pieces that have to be duplicated, and for crossway stripes if necessary.ii. Cut with long even strokes along the edge of a perforated pattern or along the thick black line of a printed pattern.iii. When cutting, do…

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After drafting or buying a commercial pattern, it could be adapted to different designs and styles. Before adaptation, study the various pattern pieces carefully and the instructions. Patterns generally are the basics for making other designs. Adaptation of basic blocks i. Draw the described style or have a picture of the style.ii. Outline the blocks…

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## Fashion

Fashion is as old as mankind. Women have always used one thing or the other to adorn themselves. Fashion is described as the styles of cutting garments worn by most people of a particular race or country. It also depicts the way people live. Fashion, as it relates to clothing, is what is in style…

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## Removal of stains

Types of stainsA. Classification according to the materials of the stain i. Vegetable stains:These are from food such as fruit, tea, coffee, cocoa and grass.ii. Animal stains:These often contain animal protein which is “set” or hardened by heat, for example, blood, egg, gravy and milk.iii. Grease stains:These can be of animal or vegetable or mineral…