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Characteristics of One Party System

(i) Oppositionless: Opposition, whether official or unofficial, is completely disallowed or outlawed.

(ii) Non-competitive: Even though elections are held within party, the voters are extremely limited to names submitted to them by the party hierarchy. A no-vote is unaccepted and carries severe penalties.

(iii) Dictatorial: Most one party systems are essentially dictatorial. The only party decreed to exist is usually dominated by a dictator or elite oligarchy. All formal institutions in the state are subservient to the dictate of the party.

(iv) Ideological: The party has strong ideology. Most one party systems are founded on ideological divide or rationalisation.

(v) The party is the government and the government is the party.

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