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Definition of a State and Its Relationship with Government

A State can be defined as a political system comprising of all the people inhabiting a definite territory with a government having the power and authority to enforce its will upon the people sometimes by means of physical sanction and not subject in like manner to the authority and power of another polity. A State can also be defined as a territorial society divided into government and subjects claiming within it allotted physical area, supremacy over all other institutions. In other words, a State is a group of people who are organised under one authority in a defined territory for the pursuit of secular common welfare, the maintenance of law and order and the carrying out of external relations.