Political parties perform the following functions:
(a) Nomination of Candidates:
Political parties nominate candidate to represent them in each constituency at periodic elections. The nomination of candidates by each party to contest for various elective offices/posts makes it easy for the electorate to make a choice among the candidates presented by the parties.
(b) Conducting Campaigns:
Before the general election commences, parties conduct campaigns to bring their policies and programmes to the attention of the electorates. Campaigns are done through broadcast in Radio, Television, Pamphlets, Leaflets, speeches at rallies, Press advertisement, editorials in Newspapers and Magazines.
(c) Political Education:
Parties seek to educate, instruct and activate the electorate. This is done through the mass media, speeches, posters or pamphlets, cartoons, etc. This process leads to the awareness and acceptance of the various policies of the parties.
(d) Conduct of Government:
The party that wins an election must be responsible for the conduct of government and can be held answerable by the electorates. The party that runs the government must do so in accordance with its policies or election manifestoes.
(e) Opposition to Government:
The very important and useful function of political parties not in government, is the role of opposition. They keep the party in government alert, restrain tendency to excessive partisanship and compel the review of obnoxious policies. Opposition helps to bring out responsible government.
(f) Social and Humanitarian Functions:
In order to stimulate the interest of the electorate and supporters, Clubs, Trade Unions, Cultural groups and Leisure organisations, parties, help to increase the tempo of social life in society and guarantee happiness.
(g) Interest in Articulation and Aggregation:
Political parties perform the important function of bringing together diverse and other conflicting demands of the people and transform them into a coherent policy.