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Governments and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in the Struggle for Food Self-Sufficiency

It is said that a government or a country that cannot feed its people is not truly independent. All governments strive towards self-sufficiency in food production by:

1. Budgetary allocation i.e. voting enough money annually to the agricultural sector of the economy.

2. Encouraging local production, by buying up and preserving surplus production.

3. Manpower training to ensure proper agricultural practices and extension duties.

4. Compatible agrarian policies like discouraging importation of food, thereby, reducing competition against local producers and getting the citizens to learn to depend on indigenous food.

5. Development of accessible and cost effective machinery for the agricultural sector.

6.  Mass procurement and distribution of farm inputs, especially fertilisers, pesticides, herbicides and bagging materials for storage.

7. Giving farmers access to soft loans to ensure that farming is done at the right time with complete requirements for the level of operation; giving loans to practising farmers, not ‘briefcase’ farmers.

8. Maintaining a stable political atmosphere to encourage investment by foreigners who are usually more knowledgeable and experienced in the mass productions some crops.

9. Encouraging collective enterprises through co-operative societies and subsidiaries.

10. NGOs engaging in extension services to teach correct agricultural practices.

11. NGOs also engaging in emergency movement of food and provisions to places hit by acute shortage of food because of wars and natural disasters.