Industrialisation is the method of increasing the large number of production activities such as manufacturing, construction and extraction, which leads to an increase in national output. When we speak of industrialisation, we often refer to industrialised nations such as the USA, UK, Japan, Canada, Israel and West Germany. The reason behind this is that their economies are characterised by a relatively large manufacturing sector and a highly developed technology.
In West Africa, for example, Nigeria which is a country endowed with a lot of raw materials is more likely to industrialise, but negative factors in the process of economic development such as poor mental attitudes, insufficient capital, low level of productivity, research and inventions, etc., discourage development and industrialisation. Therefore, industrialisation is associated with the growth of machines, tools and technical skill needed for industrial production. Hence, different types of industry will be discussed below.