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Laundry processes

The laundry process is made up of the following steps:

i. sort the articles to be washed.
ii. mend the articles.
iii. remove all stains from the articles.
iv. soak white cotton.
v. wash fabric according to fabric types.
vi. rinse the washed articles.
vii. boil article (if necessary).
viii. apply blue (if necessary).
ix. dry the article.
x. iron the article.
xi. air the finished articles.
xii. store the article.

i. Sorting
After collecting all the dirty articles, they should be sorted out according to differences in fabric and their colours.

Guidelines for sorting

i. Separate articles into white and coloured.
ii. Separate each group into smaller piles of cotton and linen articles, wool and wool mixtures, fine or delicate fabrics, etc.
iii. Baby’s clothes should be washed separately.
iv. Heavily soiled articles should be separated from lightly soiled ones.
v. Inspect pockets to see that they are empty.
vi. Zip all zippers closed to prevent damage to them and to the garment they fasten.
vii. Remove shoulder pads and trimmings that are not washable.

ii. Order of washing

i. Use a soap or detergent suitable for the type of fabric to be washed; for instance, heavy duty detergents such as elephant and omo for white and mild soap or flakes for colour fast cotton.
ii. Wash the cleanest articles before the dirtiest.
iii. Change the washing water when it becomes dirty.
iv. Grease or oil dissolves more readily in hot water, than cold water. Hence hot water is better for washing certain types of fabrics.
v. Use the correct washing method for the required fabric. In this regard, note that:
      a. Rubbing is used for cotton and linen articles;
      b. Kneading and squeezing are used for nylon, printed cotton, etc;
      c. Kneading is used for wool, silk, nylon, etc.

iii. Ironing of clothes
This involves finishing a fabric by moving the iron to and fro on the article. The iron is moved over the entire surface of the material. Effective ironing requires moisture, heat and pressure for effective finishing.

Guidelines for ironing

i. The surface of the iron to be used must be clean.
ii. Study the instruction on the care label on the garment to ascertain the temperature which the article can withstand. If there is no care label, test the iron on an inconspicuous part of the garment first before ironing,
iii. Dampen the article.
iv. Regulate the temperature of the iron to suit the article and its dampness.
v. Place the article carefully on the ironing board or surface before starting to iron.
vi. Iron all small parts and trimmings, for example, belts and frills.
vii. Iron all double and thick parts such as pockets, hems, and seams on the wrong side.
viii. Move ironed parts of the article away from you to avoid further creasing or wrinkling.
ix. Do not stretch the material as this may result in loss of shape.
x. Iron along grain of the fabric where possible.
xi. Iron embroidery and lace on the wrong side over a clean piece of cloth such as calico.
xii. Turn garments and articles as little as possible during ironing.
xiii. Iron articles to dryness before airing.
xiv. Iron around fasteners and zippers not over them.

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