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Organisation of Political Parties

The structure of each political party is derived from certain elements which gives it coherence. They are structured on bas c definite components as follows:

(a) Caucus.
(b) The Branch.
(c) The Cell.
(d) The Militia.

(a) The Caucus
This is an informal group within the parties. The Caucus wield influence with which it manipulates what happens in the party. The caucus is the instrument for selection or nomination during election.

(i) Caucus of notables,
(ii) Caucus of experts.

The caucus of notables are those caucus in which people of affluence feature prominently. The caucus of notables make leaders, kings, politicians but always do not want to be leaders.

The caucus of experts are those who manipulate or wield power on the basis of their personal talent or intelligence. They are often blessed with the gift of speech or are powerful strategists.

(b) The Branch
This is a semi-autonomous unit of the party functioning within a geographic unit and assigned with limited functions. The branch sees to the day to day execution of the local activities of the party. For instance, in Nigeria, most political parties have the state, local government and ward chapters as branches of the existing political parties.

(c) The Cell
This is a small group of party members and has occupational basis. That is, unites all party members who work at the same place like factory, office, etc. The cell is smaller than a branch. The size and value of the cell make it possible for it to hold the members strongly. The cell is suited to clandestine activities.

(d) The Militia
This is a semi-military formation of the party. Membership here is based on military lines, subjected to the same kind of discipline and training as soldiers, wear badges and match in military manner. However, this is not applicable to Nigerian political parties.

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