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Political Culture

Political culture consists of attitudes, beliefs, values and skills which are current to an entire population as well as those special propensities and patterns which may be found within separate parts of that population. Political culture is the pattern of individual attitudes and orientation towards policies by the members of the political system.

Types of Political Culture

1. Parochial Political Culture:
This consists of individuals who manifest little or no awareness of the political system. Parochial individuals in a political system are those who manifest highly diffused social orientation but have little or no awareness of the political system as a distinct and special entity. Such individuals may however, be found in a political system with elaborate governmental structures, but remain parochial because they have no specific notice of those structures.

2. Subject Political Culture:
Individuals are only oriented to the political system in terms of the impact which the laws and policy output of the political system like welfare benefits, social laws, dresses, etc., may have upon their lives, but they are not oriented to participate in the inputs structures of the system.

3. Participant Political Culture:
In participant political culture, individuals are oriented towards the inputs structures and processes and can engage in or view themselves as potentially engaged in the articulation of demand, and can also make policies (output). Generally, a political participant knows the input of structures such as political parties, interest groups or pressure groups. He can also be part and parcel of the government decision-making structure.