Posted on

Suggestions for Improving Ethical Behaviour in a State

Improving ethical behaviour can be achieved by adopting the following measures.

1. Code of Ethics:
It is a formal statement indicating an organisation’s basic values and moral rules it expects its members to abide by. (Robbins and Coulter, 2007). The code states the standard of behaviour required of employees in different areas of a company’s operations.

It enables members of staff to know the ‘dos’ and ‘don’ts’ of the organisation thereby enabling them to make sound decisions when confronted with an ethical dilemma. It is important that the code of ethics should be unambiguous to avoid confusion and different interpretation.

2. Sanctions:
Using sanctions to improve ethical conduct (Zimring and Hawkins, 1973 in Amah, 2008) remind employees that there is punishment for deviating from company rules. They argued that sanctions would deter ethical misconduct while not applying same would encourage it. Nigeria continues to rank high in the global rating of corruption because unethical behaviour is rarely punished at the upper class of society in order to serve as a deterrence to others.

3. Leadership:
Leadership plays a key role in upholding ethical standards. In the first place subordinates look up to their leaders for direction. It is the leader who creates a vision and sets the moral tone for the followers. As a result, the behaviour and utterance of a lender will determine the extent to which ethical standards will be upheld by subordinates. A leader who comes late to work, tolerate shoddy jobs and turns a blond eye to unethical practices will in no time see these traits manifested in the behaviour of subordinates.

4. Employee Selection:
Ethical standards can be enhanced when at the point of employment or appointment for political office candidates are thoroughly screened to ascertain their level of honesty, trust and overall integrity.

The selection process properly carried out through interviews, test and background checks will go a long way in appointing ethically sound candidates (Robbins and Coulter, 2007).