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The Nigerian National Coat of Arms and Its Meaning

The top of the coat of arms is an eagle, red in colour, depicting Nigeria’s strength. The eagle is mounted on a wreath, which is rendered in the national colours.

The eagle and wreath rest on a shield. The shield, black in colour, signifies the fortuitous qualities of the land in cultural, mineral and solid resources.

The Y-shaped, silver-coloured wavy band at the centre of the shield represents the two major rivers in the country viz. River Niger and River Benue.

Two white horses support the shield on either side. These signify dignity. The base upon which the shield rests is Coctus spectabilis, a wild flower that grows in many parts of the country.

Underneath all of these is the motto of the country, which reads: “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress.”